Starting a Career in Radiation Oncology

What career options are there?

There are a number of different professions within Radiation Oncology that work together to treat cancer patients. Qualified experts work as a team to deliver cancer care through radiotherapy. These professions include:

This video shows the relationship between the 3 specialities in the patient pathway.

Radiation Oncologist

A medical doctor who completes training to specialise in the management of cancer patients, specifically using radiotherapy. Radiation oncologists use cutting-edge technology and work in teams with other doctors to create and deliver radiotherapy to patients.

Discover more about Radiation Oncologists


Radiation Therapist

A health professional who designs, calculates (plans) and provides the radiation dose to patients and is responsible for ongoing patient care and wellbeing of the patient and their family over the length of treatment.

Discover more about Radiation Therapists


Radiation Oncology Medical Physicist

A scientist who creates, implements and monitors the delivery of radiotherapy, taking into account the protection and safety of patients and others involved in the treatment process.

Discover more about Radiation Oncology Medical Physicists


This team of Radiation Oncology professionals is supported by a larger team which includes: engineers, information technology (IT) support, data managers, oncology nurses, social workers, dieticians and other health professionals.

Other career paths in Radiation Oncology may include industry, project management, teaching at university and consulting work, just to name a few.

Why choose a career in Radiation Oncology

Your choice to help saves lives

Radiation Therapist treating patient with Linear AcceleratorRadiation Oncology is an inspiring, rewarding and exciting field with a range of opportunities in the public and private areas. It combines the best areas of care for patients of all ages, with challenging and continually changing treatment. The daily work can be interesting and motivating.

There is an ongoing requirement for professionals in Radiation Oncology as the need for cancer treatment in the population increases. Radiation Oncology is an area with good job prospects. Work hours are regular and there is the added flexibility to travel and work overseas.

Working in Radiation Oncology requires excellent communication and teamwork skills. Daily interaction with patients who may be feeling ill or weak requires the ability to form respectful and trusting relationships with both adult and child patients and their families to ensure a joint approach to the patient’s treatment.

A Radiation Oncology professional will generally have:

Where can I work?

Radiation Oncology centres are available all over Australia

In Australia, Radiation Oncology departments are found in major public hospitals, some private hospitals or private oncology clinics. Most departments are found in capital cities or larger regional and rural locations. Radiotherapy is usually given as an outpatient treatment which means that patients will visit each day just for the radiotherapy treatment.

Compared to other medical specialties, radiotherapy is delivered in a relatively small number of centres – 67 centres across Australia in 2013.

Is Radiation Oncology safe to practise as a profession?

There is a great deal of misunderstanding about radiation. Radiotherapy is delivered in a safe environment with controlled and monitored safety measures. Radiation Oncology professionals are carefully monitored and are trained to minimise the radiation dose to the patient and the public. Radiation Oncology professionals are not present in the treatment area during the patient’s treatment, but are positioned outside the room closely monitoring the patient on CCTV cameras.

Research in Radiation Oncology

Research in Radiation Oncology provides direct clinical benefit to patients. All members of the Radiation Oncology team can become involved in research that will result in better outcomes for patients. Participation in research may include taking part in clinical testing or laboratory research.